On 23rd June 2023, the European Council adopted the 11th package of economic sanctions against Russia.
We would like to present to your information the most striking measures taken especially targeting STS transfers and AIS manipulations with the subject package which came into force as of 24th June 2023.
If the competent authorities of the EU Member States have reasonable grounds to suspect that a vessel is importing Russian crude oil and petroleum products by sea into the EU by ship-to-ship operations (STS) or breaching the Price Cap , these vessels are prohibited from calling at EU ports and locks.
Furthermore, in any event, unless the competent authorities of the relevant EU port or lock that the vessel is calling at are notified at least 48 hours in advance of arrival regarding to the STS operations performed within Exclusive Economic Zone of an EU Member State or within 12 nautical miles from the baseline of that EU Member State’s coast, these vessels are also prohibited from accessing ports and locks in the EU.
Similar prohibitions apply to the vessels suspected of carrying Russian crude oil or petroleum products that illegally interfere, switch off or disable their shipborne automatic identification system (AIS) by violation of SOLAS V/19 / 2.4. However, exemptions are provided to allow these vessels access to ports and locks in EU territory for maritime safety, including environmental concerns, saving lives at sea, and humanitarian purposes.
As can be seen, it is possible to restrict the access of the relevant vessels to EU ports and locks, based on the suspicion of the relevant authority, without any evidence. For this reason, it is of great importance to take all kinds of precautions to avoid subject violations and prohibitions.
You may find all the details of the EU 11th Economic Sanction Package and the circular published by all IG Clubs from the links below.